Ethics is an integral part of research from the beginning to the end. It is only by getting the ethics right that research excellence can be achieved.

Ethical research conduct implies the application of fundamental ethical principles and legislation to scientific research in all possible domains of research – for example biomedical research, nature sciences, social sciences and humanities.

The most common ethical issues include:

  • the involvement of children, patients, vulnerable populations
  • the use of human embryonic stem cells
  • privacy and data protection issues
  • research on animals and non-human primates

Ethics is given the highest priority in EU funded research: all the activities carried out under Horizon 2020 must comply with ethical principles and relevant national, EU and international legislation, for example the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights.

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